With the growth in the communication network, the world has become a global village. In this context travel and tourism industry has given a great fillip to the hospitality industry. Thus careers in Hotel Management has a bright future.
The main department in a hotel set up are (1) Front office (2) House keeping (3) Food and Beverage (4) Finance (5) Personnel (6) Engineering and Security. The functions of the front office are providing relevant information, making room reservation etc. Looking after the comfort of the guests, restaurants, offices etc. is the duty of the house keeping department. The food and beverage wing is mainly responsible for all the food prepared and served. Finance Department controls all monetary transactions of the hotel, security department is equally essential as it looks after the security arrangements of the hotel premises and the engineering staff looks after the various plants and equipment deployed in the Hotel.
PERSONAL ATTRIBUTES :
(1) A friendly and charming personality
(2) Excellent communication skills
(3) Outgoing personality
(4) Organising ability, tactfulness
(5) Positive approached a good sense of humour are some of the qualities required of a person who want to pursue a career in Hotel Management.
If one chooses hoteliering as a career one will have to undergo specialised training programmes after passing Cl-XII of 10+2 system or equivalent with 50% marks. Training in different Trades of the Hotel Industry is offered at a number of institutes established in different parts of the country.
1. NATIONAL COUNCIL FOR HOTEL MANAGEMENT
& CATERING TECHNOLOGY :
Pusa, New Delhi-110012 offers to the Indian National admission to the 1st year of the 3-year Diploma Course at the Govt. sponsored Institutes of Hotel Management, Technology/Applied Nutrition at Ahmedabad, Bangalore, Bhopal, Bhubaneswar, Mumbai, Calcutta, Chandigarh, Delhi, Goa, Gurudaspur, Guwahati, Gwalior, Hyderabad, Jaipur, Lucknow, Chennai, Srinagar and Thiruvanthapuram. At Bhubaneswar the Institute of Hotel Management Catering Technology and Applied Nutrition located at VSS Nagar.
A candidate should have passed XII Class of the 10+2 pattern with English as compulsory subject.
A G E :
Not more than 22 years as on 1st. July. Maximum age relaxable up to 25 years for SC/ST Candidates.
MODE OF SELECTION :
Candidates are called for an objection type written entrance examination held in April at the specified centres which tests the candidates ability in
(a) Reasoning and Logical Deduction
(b) Numerical Ability and Scientific Aptitude.
(c) General Knowledge
(d) English Language.
On the basis of performance in the written examination candidates are called for interview which are held at Delhi, Mumbai, Calcutta, Chennai and Lucknow.
FOOD CRAFT INSTITUTES :
There are several food craft institutes in different parts of the country. These food crafts Institutes provide training courses of six months to 1 year duration in various trades such as Cookery, Bakery and Confectionary, Restaurant and Computer Service, Hotel reception and Book Keeping, House Keeping and canning and food preservation. These courses are open to those who have passed 10th class of 10+2 system with 50% marks. The enrolment for these courses starts in may through an entrance Examination. The 18 Hotel Management Catering and Nutrition Institutes in the Govt. Sector whose activities are co-oriented by the National Council for Hotel Management offer these course.
PRIVATE SECTOR TRAINING INSTITUTES :
Besides the Govt. Sector, there are training institutes in the private sector. The so called trinity of the Indian Hotel Industries- Oberois, Welcome group and the Taj group fulfil the need to train professional of the Industry.
(1) The Oberoi School of Management, Sham Nath Marg, New Delhi- It offers four key programmes to graduates and Hotel Management students. Selection to the various programmes is through campus recruitment. The Oberoi does not advertise.
(2) Welcome group graduate school of Hotel Administration, Valley View Hotel, Manipal, Karnataka.
This is the only institute which offers a three year bachelors degree course in Hotel Management. It takes 100 trainees per a year Admission announcement is normally advertised in April. It is affiliated to Mangalore University. Eligibility is atleast 50% marks in aggregate in 10+2 Exam. in any discipline.
(3) The Taj Group, Rauza Bagh, Aurangabad, Maharashtra.
The Taj Group of Hotels have their three year training programme at Indian Institute of Hotel Management, Aurangabad, where students with a minimum of 45% marks in Class-XII are eligible to apply. In addition the Taj Group have started two year graduate management training programme which imparts skills in every aspect of Hotel Management, Food Preparation, Service, Maintenance, Accounting, Engineering, Interior Design, Sales and Marketing in Hotel premises.
A host of Institutes offering Hotel Management courses have Mushroomed recently. It is necessary to carefully assess an institute before joining with respect to faculty, infrastructure and its links with the industry for placements.
JOB OPPORTUNITIES :
The employment rate of students graduating from the established institutes of Hotel Management is cent percent. They join hotels through campus interviews, some of them also join the Railways, Airlines, Shipping lines in their catering services or the defence sector. The industrial canteens absorb about 10 percent of the Hotel Management professionals. A few proceed to pursue post graduate studies in Hotel Management and opt for teaching jobs. Hospital and other institutions also engage hotel management professionals. Besides all these trained persons can do outdoor catering, run small hotels, bakeries and confectionaries etc.